Sunday, March 5, 2017

Literature Review #1

Kruisselbrink Flatt, Alicia. "A Suffering Generation: Six Factors Contributing to the Mental
Health Crisis in North American Higher Education." College Quarterly 16.1 (2013):

1-17. ERIC: Educational Resources Information Center. Web. 25 Feb. 2017.

This article is about the factors that are contributing to the increase in anxiety depression and suicidal thoughts in students enrolled in higher education. The six factors identified in this article are: academic pressure, financial burden, increased accessibility of higher education, increased female to male student ratio, increased use of technology, and dramatic change in the lifestyle of university and college students. The stress of high grade expectations is a result of the competitive job market, grade inflation at the high school level, and the millennial generation's inability to cope with failure. Student's who are stressed out about the amount of debt they incur in college perform worse than their peers and are at a higher risk for mental health problems. The accessibility of college has led to an increase in racial diversity and research shows that mental health problems are more prevalent among millennial students belonging to racial minorities. The increasing amount of women in higher education have created an increasing demand for mental health centers because they are more likely than men to exhibit signs of depression by a ratio of 2:1. The harmful effects of technology overuse include internet addiction or problematic internet use, mobile phone use, and overuse of internet pornography. Weight gain and alcohol overconsumption in college contribute to this as well to mental health issues as well. 

Alicia Flatt is a career advisor, specializing in co-operative education at the University of Waterloo. She received a BFA in Psychology and History from Redmeer University and got her Masters in Higher Education from the University of Toronto. 

Mental Health Crisis -  Increased presence of disorders that affect your mood, thinking and behavior in higher education. Examples of mental illness include depression, anxiety disorders, schizophrenia, eating disorders and addictive behaviors
Micro aggressions - the everyday verbal, nonverbal, and environmental slights, snubs, or insults, whether intentional or unintentional, which communicate hostile, derogatory, or negative messages to target persons based solely upon their marginalized group membership.

"As the female population in higher education increases, so do the demands on campus counselling centres. This could be due to the fact that women are more likely than men to exhibit signs of depression by a ratio of 2:1" (Flatt 7).
"7 percent of men and 14 percent of women in first-year university met the criteria for a major depressive disorder" (Flatt 1).
"Risky sexual behaviour and casual sex are also correlated with low self-esteem, guilt, and depression, especially among women (Flatt 11).
"Mental health problems are more prevalent among millennial students belonging to racial minorities, even when other factors including region, defensive responding, and gender composition are taken into account" (Flatt 6).

This article identifies the possible causes of mental illness in higher education and shows which genders and races are more likely to suffer from anxiety. This is very helpful because I want to write about the students that are at the highest risk for mental illness. 

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