Wednesday, March 22, 2017

Literature Review # 4



Anestis, Michael D., and Edward A. Selby. "Grit and Perseverance in Suicidal Behavior and Non-Suicidal Self-
This article is about the relationship between grit and perseverance to NSSI. The case study that was conducted by the researchers pictured above involved undergraduate psych students as participants. Each student filled out an online questionnaire with question pertaining to either grit or their history with self-injury. It uncovered that undergraduate students who reported higher levels of grit also reported higher levels of NSSI. Additionally, the data collect showed that students who endorsed suicidal behavior with a clear intent to die also reported a previous history of NSSI.



Michael D. Anestis - Ph.D from Florida State University. He teaches abnormal psychology, practicum in clinical psychology, empirically supported treatment of adults, and adult psychopathology at the University of Southern Mississippi. Injury." Death Studies 39.4 (2015): 211-18. Web.




Edward A. Selby - Assistant professor in clinical psychology at RUTGERS UNIVERSITY (whoo!). He specializes in the research and treatment of suicidal and self-injurious behavior, personality disorders, and eating disorders. Dr. Selby completed his Ph.D. in clinical psychology at The Florida State University in 2011, following completion of his psychology residency at Brown University – Warren Alpert Medical School in 2011.



Gritthe ability to strenuously pursue long-term goals despite obstacles and adversity

Perseverance: the degree to which an individual exhibits the tendency to quit tasks when they become difficult or boring



Those who reported higher levels of NSSI simultaneously with high grit reported the most frequent suicide attempts with clear lethal intent (Anestis & Selby 216).

Thus, to engage in suicidal behavior, the individual must be able to persevere through difficult and frightening emotional experiences. These findings are seemingly at odds with escape theories of suicide, wherein the individual engages in suicidal behavior to escape emotional dis- tress or aversive self-awareness. (Anestis & Selby 216).

The findings of this study indicate that a general capacity for persistence may facilitate suicidal behavior, perhaps by enabling an individual to overcome acute fear and pain in pursuit of death. (Anestis & Selby 216).



This article is my main case study for my final paper. In the research conducted they prove that students who engage in NSSI and also report a high level of grit and perseverance are known to self-harm more frequently. The article also counters the escape theorists idea that NSSI is a momentary release from an adverse state. Finally, it offers very interesting statistics about the suicide rate and amount of students who self-injury before they engage in suicidal behavior with a clear intent to die.

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